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'Bold text'Atheism is the lack of belief in God. Implicit, or weak Atheism, does not accept God because it sees no evidence of God. Explicit, or strong, Atheism states that the existence of God is impossible.

The Bible warns against Atheism

Template:P Cite No Paren states, "The fool has said in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt. They have done abominable works. There is none who does good."

There's also a footnote:

Moral deficiency

Psalm 14:1 The Hebrew words rendered fool in Psalms denote one who is morally deficient.

The Bible says atheists are morally deficient

Therefore, the Bible states that an Atheist is morally deficient. While all people are morally deficient, the Bible specifically condemns Atheism. Of course, the typical atheist believes that this was put in here my primitive men and is not the word of God, so although this argument is sufficient, they believe that it is simply worthless.

Atheists may say the Bible is morally deficient

  • Genocide was required.

Deuteronomy 20:14 But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee. 20:15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations. 20:16 But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth: [1]

  • Christians' Response: Atheists often cite that God is guilty of mass murder - but if they are going to say that, then they might as well say that the United States (and all of the Allied Forces) were guilty of mass murder for participating in World War II. The fact is, these were heathen, ungodly people who originally knew God (they came from Adam and Eve, too, right?) but lost faith in Him. In addition, they were guilty of practicing abominable religious ceremonies, such as throwing their sons and daughters into bonfires for sacrifices to gods like Molech. It was not only acceptable, but morally required of God to "wage war" against the ungodly people around the Israelites. Sin isn't tolerated by God.
  • Rape victims were required to marry the rapist.

Deuteronomy 22:28 If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found; 22:29 Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days[2]

  • Christians' Response: Um, who says this is referring to rape? This just sounds like a prohibition of consensual sex outside of marriage, with the punishment that those who commit fornication must marry one another.
  • Slavery was tolerated.
    Leviticus 25:44 Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.[3]
  • Christians' Response: They "shall be of the heathen" is the key phrase here. God approved of slavery in this instance only because it was His hope that those who became slaves of the Israelites from foreign nations might "be saved." Even though they would lose their earthly freedom, God hoped that they would gain eternal freedom by coming to know Him, which is far more important.

Atheist objections and the Christian response

  • God can't exist because the universe isn't infinite, therefore an infinitely powerful being couldn't exist here!

The Bible tells us that not even the entire universe can contain God, rendering this argument null and void [1]. This is, however, a good argument against many paganistic religions, which can be useful for apologetics purposes, so it's probably good to keep in mind.

  • How can God exist when there is so much evil in the world?

In theology and philosophy, the problem of evil is known as theodicy. When God created the universe, evil did not exist. Evil began when God created it as in Isaiah 45:7 "I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things." If evil had not been made by God, there would not have been Sin. Knowing in advance that his creation would sin and even commit more sin after the Flood makes the omniptoent characteristic of God seem flawed. Why would he set everything im motion if he knew the outcome in advance? Sin began when Satan rebelled because he wanted to be exalted, then Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil against God's express command (see original sin, condemning mankind to death. (Note: I think that Augustine of Hippo expounded on this idea. Always good to cite the church fathers). Sin is the absence of good, just as simple atheism is the absence of a belief in the supernatural, gods, spirits or other supernatural beings.

  • Science (In particular, Occam's razor) dictates that the simplest explanation is probably the correct one. The Universe coming into being and existing due to the known natural laws is less complicated then a supernatural diety. Therefore, there probably isn't a God.

A good response to this would be which is more simpler, that your popsicle was made in a popsicle factory or that all the fundamental particles for a popsicle formed together into a popsicle shape and lowered themselves below freezing point completely on their own on a stick just the right length for a human to hold, then had a wrapper form around it with the words "Happy happy joy joy ice cream factory" stamped on it? Simply having a source for something's creation may make things seem more complicated on the surface, but its more complicated to assume that something somehow came out of nothing (such as in the creation story) than it is to assume that if something is made, it has to have a maker. Also, there isn't really any good evidence that space "ends" so to speak, so in a way, the infinity large nature of the universe is already infinitely complicated, so to assume that something infinitely complicated came from nothing is even more complicated. (as in the creation story)

  • If there must be a first cause for the universe to exist, what caused that first cause? If that first cause did not need to be caused, why did the universe?

For this, an understanding of the Cosmological argument is in order, which proposes the uncaused cause thesis in the first place. The Cosmological argument depends on the "first cause" of the universe to have existed for all of eternity, since there cannot logically be a chain of finite causes without something at the beginning to start it all. Therefore, this first cause was not caused, since it exists for all eternity. As for the need for the universe to be created, this gets far more into a Christian point of view of God, which can be quite a more complicated debate in its own right, but does not necessarily need to be argued, since knowing why God would make the universe isn't necessary to know that both God and reality exists.

(Insert here other arguments for Atheism, and the Christian response)

See also

External Links

Notes

  1. 1 Kings 8:27: But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee.
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