Emil Brunner (1889-1996) was a highly influential Swiss theologian who, along with Karl Barth, is associated with Neo-Orthodoxy or the dialectical theology movement. He was professor of systematic theology at the University of Zurich, where he taught continuously, except for extensive lecture tours in the United States and in Asia.

Brunner rejected liberal theology's portrait of Jesus Christ as merely a highly-respected human being. Instead, Brunner insisted that Jesus was God incarnate and central to salvation. Brunner also attempted to find a middle position within the ongoing Arminian and Calvinist debate, stating that Christ stood between God's sovereign approach to humankind and our free acceptance of God's gift of salvation. Although Brunner re-emphasized the centrality of Christ, conservative theologians have often been hesitant to accept Brunner's other teachings, including his rejection of certain "miraculous" elements of the Scriptures and his questioning of the usefulness of the doctrine of the inspiration of Scripture.

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