General is the title of the International Leader of The Salvation Army, a denomination with extensive charitable social services that gives quasi-military rank to its ministers (who are therefore known as officers).
Usage of the term General began with the Founder of The Salvation Army, William Booth. His wife, Catherine Booth, became known as the Mother of The Salvation Army. General Booth passed on the command to his eldest son, Bramwell Booth, but all Generals after Bramwell Booth have been elected.
The Officer of The Salvation Army who is elected General is the worldwide spiritual leader of The Salvation Army throughout the world. Since The Salvation Army maintains a quasi-military structure, all appointments are made, and all regulations issued, under the General's authority. Unlike a Pope, a General must usually "retire" at age 70.
The General is elected by the High Council when his or her predecessor is removed by the High Council, retires or dies (known within the Salvation Army as being promoted to Glory) while still in office. The High Council is made up of the Chief of the Staff, all active commissioners, except the spouse of the General, and all territorial commanders.
The 2006 High Council was held in Sunbury near London, England, from January 20 to January 28, 2006. The High Council elected Shaw Clifton who took office of the General after General Larsson retired on April 2, 2006.
The 2011 High Council was held in Sunbury near London, England, from January 21 to January 31, 2011. The High Council elected Linda Bond who took office of the General after General Shaw Clifton retired on April 1, 2011.
List of Generals of The Salvation ArmyEdit
- (1878 - 1912) William Booth
- (1912 - 1929) Bramwell Booth
- (1929 - 1934) Edward Higgins
- (1934 - 1939) Evangeline Booth
- (1939 - 1946) George Carpenter
- (1946 - 1954) Albert Orsborn
- (1954 - 1963) Wilfred Kitching
- (1963 - 1969) Frederick Coutts
- (1969 - 1974) Erik Wickberg
- (1974 - 1977) Clarence Wiseman
- (1977 - 1981) Arnold Brown
- (1981 - 1986) Jarl Wahlström
- (1986 - 1993) Eva Burrows
- (1993 - 1994) Bramwell Tillsley
- (1994 - 1999) Paul Rader
- (1999 - 2002) John Gowans
- (2002 - 2006) John Larsson
- (2006 - 2011) Shaw Clifton
- (2011 - 2013) Linda Bond
- (2013 - ) Andre Cox
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