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Hades is the Greek god of the dead and the Underworld. Early Christians sometimes identified Hades with Satan. Hades was also the name of the Underworld itself. As a region, Hades included the Hellish Tartarus and the Heavenly Elysium, as well as neutral regions such as the River Styx.
The Septuagint and the New Testament, both composed in Greek, use "Hades" to refer to the Jewish concept of Sheol. In English, the word "Hades" is often translated as Hell, although some translations use the more accurate "world of the dead." Sheol/Hades was the common grave of all humanity. Some of the later prophets revealed that God would eventually ressurect the righteous dead (Job 19:26; Isaiah 26:19; Ezekiel 37:12; Daniel 12:2). Other verses indicated that the unrighteous would not be resurrected (Isaiah 39:18; Psalms 6:6; Psalms 115:17.)
Catholics identify Hades/Sheol with the Limbo of the Fathers (limbus patrum), where the souls of the righteous who died before the incarnation of Jesus awaited his resurrection so that they could enter Heaven. In Catholic theology, Jesus destroyed Hades/Sheol during the Harrowing of Hell.
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