Science is the organized study of the universe, based on observation and logical positivism, specifically upon the scientific method. Science emerged from natural philosophy, as first practiced by the ancient Greeks. While the other branch of natural philosophy, natural theology, studies the universe to gain insights about God, science seeks to gain insight into the universe itself. Science tests its hypotheses in experiments to determine the truth of the universe. Ideally, scientific theories are subject to falsification at any time if they contradict observation, though some argue they must be falsifiable in all circumstances.

God created the universe, and God revealed Himself to humanity, as recorded in the Bible. There is thus no inherent conflict between science and religion. Many scientists throughout history have been religious, and several have been Christians.

However, in the last two centuries there has been a growing controversy over how to reconcile the supposedly observed truth of science and the revealed truth of Christianity. This is especially true of the scientific theories of biological evolution, based on natural selection, and cosmological evolution, of which the big bang theory is the most widely accepted model.

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